Amazon Timestream and Apache Druid are both time-series databases designed to handle large volumes of data with a focus on time-based analysis. Let’s compare the two:

Amazon Timestream:

Key Features:

  • Managed Service: Timestream is a fully managed service by AWS, which means AWS takes care of infrastructure, scaling, and maintenance.
  • Serverless Architecture: It supports a serverless architecture, and you pay for what you use.
  • Built-in Analytics: Timestream includes built-in analytics functions for time-series data, making it easy to analyze and visualize data.

Apache Druid:

Key Features:

  • Open Source: Druid is an open-source distributed data store. You can deploy it on your own infrastructure or use a managed service.
  • Scalability: Druid is designed for horizontal scalability, making it suitable for handling large volumes of data and queries.
  • Flexibility: Druid is not limited to time-series data and can handle various data types.


Use Cases:

  • Amazon Timestream: Well-suited for IoT applications, operational monitoring, and any use case involving time-series data with a focus on ease of use and integration within the AWS ecosystem.
  • Apache Druid: More versatile and suitable for scenarios where you need flexibility in data types and advanced analytical capabilities beyond time-series data.

Managed Service vs. Self-Managed:

  • Amazon Timestream: Fully managed by AWS, so you don’t have to worry about infrastructure and maintenance.
  • Apache Druid: Requires more operational effort if self-hosted. Some managed services like Imply Cloud provide a hosted Druid solution.

Cost Model:

  • Amazon Timestream: Pay-as-you-go model, where you are billed based on the storage and query processing capacity you consume.
  • Apache Druid: Open-source, so there’s no direct cost for the software. However, you need to consider the cost of managing and scaling your infrastructure.


  • Amazon Timestream: Integrates seamlessly with other AWS services, making it a good choice if you are already using AWS.
  • Apache Druid: More flexible in terms of integration options but might require additional effort for integration with specific cloud services.


Amazon Timestream:

-- Create a Timestream table
CREATE TABLE mydb.mytable (
  value DOUBLE

-- Insert data
  ('2022-01-01T00:00:00Z', 10.5),
  ('2022-01-01T01:00:00Z', 15.2);

Apache Druid:

Assuming Druid is already set up and running, you would typically define ingestion specs for data loading. Here’s a simplified example:

  "type": "index",
  "spec": {
    "dataSchema": {
      "dataSource": "mydatasource",
      "parser": {
        "type": "string",
        "parseSpec": {
          "format": "json",
          "timestampSpec": {
            "column": "time",
            "format": "iso"
          "dimensionsSpec": {
            "dimensions": ["value"],
            "dimensionExclusions": [],
            "spatialDimensions": []
      "metricsSpec": [],
      "granularitySpec": {
        "type": "uniform",
        "segmentGranularity": "hour",
        "queryGranularity": "minute"
    "ioConfig": {
      "type": "index"
    "tuningConfig": {
      "type": "index"

These are basic examples, and the actual implementation will depend on your specific use case, data model, and requirements. Choose the one that best fits your needs, considering factors like ease of use, scalability, and integration with your existing infrastructure.

Categories: ApacheAWS


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